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Guidelines for Author

  1. Manuscript Submission

    • Manuscripts must be submitted via email attachment to editor@jofr.in
    • Manuscripts should be uploaded as a PC Word (doc) file with tables and figures included at the end of the document. No paper version is required.
    • Original articles are considered for publication on the condition that they have not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere.
    • The publisher reserves the right to edit manuscripts to fit the space available and to ensure conciseness, clarity, and stylistic consistency, subject to the author’s final approval.
    • Manuscripts are reviewed and selected in a blinded process peer reviewed by editors and appropriate content experts. Therefore, it is important that submitted manuscripts and illustrations do not contain information that will identify the origin of the paper (except for the title page, which will not be sent to the reviewers).
    • Manuscripts that do not follow these outlined instructions will be rejected promptly.
    • Manuscript guidelines are based on Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals.
  2. Manuscript Preparation

    1. General Principles

      All submissions must be typed in Word document. Manuscripts should be typewritten with double-spacing (at least 6 mm between lines), with ample margins (at least 2.5 cm) on all four sides. A standard times new roman, at least 12-point, type face should be used. Double-spacing all portions of the manuscript— including the title page, abstract, text, acknowledgments, references, individual tables, and legends—and generous margins make it possible for editors and reviewers to edit the text line by line and add comments and queries directly on the paper copy. Authors should number all of the pages of the manuscript consecutively, beginning with the title page, to facilitate the editorial process.

    2. Length of the manuscript

      Original Research Report: Manuscripts submitted as original research reports should be limited to 3500 words including spaces (for title, abstract, descriptors, introduction, methodology, results, discussion, acknowledgements, figure legends, tables and references). A total of 6 figures or table and minimum of 20 references are accepted. The abstract must not exceed 250 words.

      Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis: By summarizing results of original, quantitative or qualitative studies, these articles are meant to answer a specific question, and should be limited to 5000 words including spaces. The manuscript should detail the search process for retrieving original studies, the selection criteria for studies included in the review and the summary of results obtained from the studies reviewed (which may or may not be meta-analysis approaches). There is no limit to the number of references. The abstract must not exceed 250 words.

      Clinical/case Report: This type of manuscript describes the author's methods for meeting a patient treatment challenge. It should be no longer than 1500 words and be accompanied by no more than 10 high-quality illustrations. A total of 10 references are accepted. The abstract must not exceed 100 words.

    3. Number of Authors

      The number of authors is limited to 6.

    4. Format for submission of manuscript

      1. Research/Clinical study: Abstract, Clinical Implications, Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgment, References, Tables/Graphs & figures.
      2. Case report: Abstract, Introduction, Clinical Report, Discussion, Summary, References & figures.
      3. Systematic review & Meta-analysis: An Abstract - using a structured format (Statement of Problem, Purpose, Results, Conclusions).Text of the review - consisting of an introduction (background and objective), methods (selection criteria, search methods, data collection and data analysis), results (description of studies, methodological quality, and results of analyses), discussion, authors’conclusions, references, tables and figures.

    5. Formatting Instructions

      1. First Page: The first page should contain the following:
        1. Type of manuscript(Original/Research article, review or case report),
        2. Title (descriptive but as concise as possible)
        3. Names of Author and degree
        4. Professional affiliation, individual institutional address.
        5. Running Head: usually no more than 40 characters (including letters and spaces)
        6. Correspondence Address (complete mailing address with phone number and email address) of the corresponding author.

      2. Second Page: Should contain the following:
        1. Abstract: Structured abstracts are preferred for original research and systematic reviews. The abstract should provide the context or background for the study and should state the study’s purpose, basic procedures, main findings (giving specific effect sizes and their statistical significance, if possible) & principal conclusions. The abstract should be upto 200-250 words.
        2. Keywords: upto 5-8 words.

      3. Introduction: Summarize the rationale and purpose of the study, giving only pertinent references. Clearly state the working hypothesis.

      4. Material and Methods: Present method and materials in sufficient detail to allow confirmation of the observations. Published methods should be referenced and discussed only briefly, unless modifications have been made. Indicate the statistical methods used, if applicable.

      5. Results: Present results in a logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations. Do not repeat in the text all the data in the tables or illustrations; emphasize only important observations.

      6. Discussion: Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them. Do not repeat in detail data or other material given in the Introduction or Results section. Relate observations to other relevant studies and point out the implications of the findings and their limitations.

      7. Conclusion: Summarize the evidence based conclusions that can be made according to the material presented in the paper.

      8. Acknowledgments: Grant or other financial support should be specified, citing the name of the supporting organization and grant number.

      9. References: References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. References should first be cited in the introduction, material and methods section and discussion. Textbook references should be kept to a minimum, as textbooks often reflect the opinions of their authors and/or editors. The most recent editions of textbooks should be used. Reference formatting should conform to Vancouver style as set forth in “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals” (Ann Intern Med 1997;126:36-47).

        Articles in Journals

        • Standard journal article

          List the first six authors followed by et al. Example: Vega KJ, Pina I, Krevsky B. Heart transplantation is associated with an increased risk for pancreatobiliary disease. Ann Intern Med 1996 Jun 1; 124 (11):980-3.

        • Organization as author

          The Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand. Clinical exercise stress testing. Safety and performance guidelines. Med J Aust 1996; 164:282-4.

        • No author given

          Cancer in South Africa [editorial]. S Afr Med J 1994; 84:15.

        • Article not in English

          Ryder TE, Haukeland EA, Solhaug JH. Bilateral infrapatellar seneruptur hos tidligere frisk kvinne. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 1996; 116:41-2.

        • Volume with supplement

          Shen HM, Zhang QF. Risk assessment of nickel carcinogenicity and occupational lung cancer. Environ Health Perspect 1994; 102 Suppl 1:275-82.

        • Issue with supplement

          Payne DK, Sullivan MD, Massie MJ. Women's psychological reactions to breast cancer. Semin Oncol 1996; 23(1 Suppl 2):89-97.

        • Volume with part

          Ozben T, Nacitarhan S, Tuncer N. Plasma and urine sialic acid in non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Ann Clin Biochem 1995; 32(Pt 3):303-6.

        • Issue with part

          Poole GH, Mills SM. One hundred consecutive cases of flap lacerations of the leg in ageing patients. N Z Med J 1994; 107(986 Pt 1):377-8.

        • Issue with no volume

          Turan I, Wredmark T, Fellander-Tsai L. Arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis in rheumatoid arthritis. Clin Orthop 1995; (320):110-4.

        • No issue or volume

          Browell DA, Lennard TW. Immunologic status of the cancer patient and the effects of blood transfusion on antitumor responses. Curr Opin Gen Surg 1993:325-33.

        Books and Other Monographs

        • Personal author(s)

          Ringsven MK, Bond D. Gerontology and leadership skills for nurses. 2nd ed. Albany (NY): Delmar Publishers; 1996.

        • Editor(s), compiler(s) as author

          Norman IJ, Redfern SJ, editors. Mental health care for elderly people. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1996.

        • Organization as author and publisher

          Institute of Medicine (US). Looking at the future of the Medicaid program. Washington: The Institute; 1992.

        • Chapter in a book

          Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, editors. Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press; 1995. p. 465-78.

        • Conference proceedings

          Kimura J, Shibasaki H, editors. Recent advances in clinical neurophysiology. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of EMG and Clinical Neurophysiology; 1995 Oct 15-19; Kyoto, Japan. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 1996.

        • Conference paper

          Bengtsson S, Solheim BG. Enforcement of data protection, privacy and security in medical informatics. In: Lun KC, Degoulet P, Piemme TE, Rienhoff O, editors. MEDINFO 92. Proceedings of the 7th World Congress on Medical Informatics; 1992 Sep 6-10; Geneva, Switzerland. Amsterdam: North-Holland; 1992. p. 1561-5.

        • Scientific or technical report

          Issued by funding/sponsoring agency: Smith P, Golladay K. Payment for durable medical equipment billed during skilled nursing facility stays. Final report. Dallas (TX): Dept. of Health and Human Services (US), Office of Evaluation and Inspections; 1994 Oct. Report No.: HHSI-GOEI69200860. Issued by performing agency: Field MJ, Tranquada RE, Feasley JC, editors. Health services research: work force and educational issues. Washington: National Academy Press; 1995. Contract No.: AHCPR282942008. Sponsored by the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research.

        • Dissertation

          Kaplan SJ. Post-hospital home health care: the elderly's access and utilization [dissertation]. St. Louis (Ø): Washington Univ.; 1995.

        • Patent

          Larsen CE, Trip R, Johnson CR, inventors; Novoste Corporation, assignee. Methods for procedures related to the electrophysiology of the heart. US patent 5,529,067. 1995 Jun 25.

        Electronic Material

        • Journal article in electronic format

          Morse SS. Factors in the emergence of infectious diseases. Emerg Infect Dis [serial online] 1995 Jan-Mar [cited 1996 Jun 5]; 1(1):[24 screens]. Available from: URL: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/eid.htm

        The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in the list of Journals Indexed for MEDLINE, posted by the NLM on the Library's Web site.

      10. Tables: Tables should be self-explanatory and should supplement, not duplicate the text. Provide all tables at the end of the manuscript, after the reference list. Type each table with double spacing on a separate sheet of paper. Do not submit tables as photographs. Number tables consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a brief title for each. Give each column a short or abbreviated heading.

      11. Figures: Figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they have been first cited in the text. If a figure has been published, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the material. Figures should be in JEPG or GIF format and minimum of 300 dpi.

        Legends for Illustrations (Figures): Type or print out legends for illustrations using double spacing, starting on a separate page, with Arabic numerals corresponding to the illustrations. When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to identify parts of the illustrations, identify and explain each one clearly in the legend. Explain the internal scale and identify the method of staining in photomicrographs.

  3. Cover Letter

    Manuscripts must be accompanied by a covering letter signed by all coauthors. This must include

    1. information on prior or duplicate publication or submission elsewhere of any part of the work as defined earlier in this document;
    2. a statement of financial or other relationships that might lead to a conflict of interest [see below];
    3. a statement that the manuscript has been read and approved by all the authors, that the requirements for authorship as stated earlier in this document have been met, and that each author believes that the manuscript represents honest work; and
    4. the name, address, and telephone number of the corresponding author, who is responsible for communicating with the other authors about revisions and final approval of the proofs.
  4. Proof

    Proofs will be sent to the authors. Only printer's errors must be corrected; no change in, or additions to, the edited manuscript will be allowed at this stage. The corrected proofs must be returned within 2 days of receipt, preferably by e-mail. If the Editor receives no reply after approximately 2 weeks, the assumption will be made that there are no errors to correct and the article will be published after in-house correction.

  5. Copyright Form

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